The diamond gemstone, is the most
popular and preferred gemstone among all the precious gems, at least in the United States, and perhaps around the
world. Though it is often thought that the diamond is the most valuable of all the gemstones this is not
necessarily true. Rubies and emeralds of
quality can often have more value.
When selecting a diamond it is important to evaluate before purchasing, based on what are called
the 4 C's. Clarity, cut, carat weight, and color are the four important features of diamond gemstones that need
Important Diamond Features
The weight of a diamond can be expressed in
either carats or in points. A carat is equal to 200 milligrams. A point is equal to 1/100th of a carat, which would
make 20 points the same as 1/5th of a carat.
The preferred color of a diamond gemstone, other than fancy diamonds, is colorless. A colorless
diamond is the most highly rated.
Clarity refers to transparency and the lack of flaws. Most diamond gemstones contain flaws. Many
may not be visible without magnification. A flawless diamond would be very valuable.
The fourth feature is the cut of the diamond. Cut and shape should not be confused. They mean
two different things. A diamond that is skillfully cut will display more brilliance and reflect more light.
Diamonds come in a variety of shapes. Round is the most popular, but there are oval, heart
shaped, pear and other shapes. Shape does not necessarily influence the value of a diamond. Therefore you can be
comforable selecting the shape that you find the most pleasing, without fear that it might diminish the value.
The April birthstone
The diamond gemstone is the April birthstone. In ancient times
diamonds were associated with fire or lightning. In the middle ages rings set with precious stones including
diamond gemstones were not considered jewelry so much as they were a talisman or charm, to bestow good fortune or
special power to the wearer.
In more modern times, the diamond has become a symbol of love and matrimony. A diamond is the
most frequently chosen of the gemstones for engagement rings and also wedding sets, at least in the U.S. In other
countries it is not uncommon to see engagement rings set with other gemstones either by themselves, or in
combination with diamonds.
Diamonds are the hardest mineral on earth. When a diamond is not being worn, it should not be
stored with other jewelry items without first being wrapped in soft cloth or tissue as it can easily damage the
other jewelry items by scratching.
When purchasing a diamond, it is wise to get one that is accompanied with a diamond certificate. This certificate should be provided by an independent source.
Two sources that are very respected are the American Gemological Society and Gemological Institute of
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